Root canal treatment, often simply referred to as a “root canal,” is a dental procedure that is commonly misunderstood and sometimes feared. However, it is a crucial and often pain-relieving treatment that can save a severely damaged or infected tooth. In this article, we will explore the essentials of root canal treatment, from its purpose and procedure to what to expect during and after the process.

The Purpose of a Root Canal

A root canal is performed to save a tooth that has a damaged or infected pulp—the innermost part of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. When the pulp becomes infected due to deep decay, cracks, or trauma, it can cause severe pain and potentially lead to the loss of the tooth. Root canal treatment aims to remove the infected pulp, relieve pain, and preserve the natural tooth.

The Root Canal Procedure

Root canal treatment is a multi-step procedure carried out by a dentist or endodontist—a specialist in treating the interior of teeth.

1. Local Anesthesia

The procedure begins with the administration of local anesthesia to numb the affected tooth and the surrounding area. This ensures that the patient remains comfortable throughout the treatment.

2. Removal of Infected Pulp

After achieving numbness, the dentist creates an opening in the tooth to access the infected pulp. Using specialized instruments, they carefully remove the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth’s canals. The canals are then thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

3. Filling and Sealing

Once the canals are cleaned, they are filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha to seal them and prevent further infection. The access opening is also sealed with a dental filling to restore the tooth’s functionality and appearance.

What to Expect During the Procedure

During a root canal, patients should expect minimal discomfort or pain due to the anesthesia. It’s common to experience some pressure and mild discomfort afterward, which can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.

Recovery and Aftercare

After a root canal, it’s essential to follow proper aftercare to ensure a smooth recovery and the long-term success of the treatment.


Root canal treatment is a vital dental procedure that can save teeth from extraction and alleviate severe pain caused by infected or damaged pulp. While it may be perceived as intimidating, it is a highly effective and common dental procedure that can preserve natural teeth for years to come. If you experience persistent tooth pain, sensitivity, or other symptoms of dental infection, consult with your dentist promptly.In Bishop, you cam consult with a skilled dentist at Skyline Family Dental – Gabriel Overholtzer DDS to get root canal 93514

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